Evolution Verses Creationism

Many believe that Albert Einstein shook the world of science with his theory of relativity. Some even went as far as measuring his brain size and comparing it to the size of individuals with average intelligence. Leonardo Da Vinci was also noted for his ingenuity, many people know him as a brilliant artist of the famous “La Gioconda”, more known as “The Mona Lisa”. While in fact he was a prominent educator in all scientific fields, an innovator, an engineer, a musician as well as a writer. He practically was a genius in all fields of sciences, humanities and art.
And with all due respect to those scientists and others who contributed to human civilization, I believe that no scientist ever had reached the ingenuity of Charles Darwin.

evolution101.jpg

But before going into the work that gave Darwin his infamous name, it is worthy to mention that evolution theory and natural selection were not Darwin’s only ingenious work, he had many other writings that contributed immensely to the world of science, especially in the field of biology. Here is a link.

With his book “On the Origin of Species: By Means of Natural Selection” , Darwin revolutionized the whole concept of human beliefs and shook the ground of humanity till today. No theory has ever lasted under criticism and constant research as much as his did since its publication in 1859. Most of the criticism were, and still are, more theological and political than Scientific, coming from church scientists and political institutions and not scientific communities.
Scientists, in all fields worked for decades, either to prove the theory or to disprove it, only to come out convinced more than ever before that, although Darwin did not have the capabilities of modern science of today, his theory stands as a fact beyond any doubt. A 1996 survey poll found that 99 percent of American scientists accept the theory of evolution. And this is a very high percentage considering the wave of religiosity in the United States in the past few decades.
This notion shed any other misconception especially after the discovery of the genome (DNA), that started ironically by Gregor Mendel, a monk of the Roman Catholic church in 1843. And the discovery of the nucleic acids that started in 1869 by a Swiss biochemist Johann Friedrich Miescher, and was given that name later by another scientist, Richard Altmann in 1889.
And although DNA had made an evolutionary advancement in the fields of medicine and technology, especially in the field of Forensics science, some theologians still do not accept its role in the history of the origin of the species and continue their fights in public courts against it. They call themselves creationists. Check this, and this, and this. Creationists of which many are academics continue their fight not because they have a strong belief in the scriptures, but more for the belief that humans need religion to organize the society, they believe that when people do understand that religion is a myth, they would lose internal control. They also believe that evolution is a cold science that strips man from spirituality, emphasizing that religion is the only source of spirituality. But this argument can be refuted since morality and spirituality are elements of the evolutionary process. Religion only identified moral sentiment, labeled them and codified rules about them. At ancient times people needed organization, morals needed power to keep it under control. And religion did its job at those times when man was less civilized. And religion had its good share in spreading morals among humans, but it also accompanied with it the “bad” that is not fit for this century. With proper education, when people realize that humans are not all good, but an accumulated combination of good and bad, and they develop to take the responsibility of having the bad, or the dark side, under control, then they are participating in the evolution process to a better human beings. No law or religion can deter the bad side if the process did not come from within.
“There is nothing divine about morality; it is a purely human affair.” (Albert Einstein, 1934)
As for spirituality, I will come beck to this point later on.

Evolution defies the old myths in the scriptures of the Judo-Christian-Islamic religion that God created Adam, and from his rib Eve was created. But some clerics tried to be more philosophical by not taking the scriptures literally but allegorically like Pope John Paul II, who announced in October 23, 1996 that it was acceptable for Catholics to believe and teach evolutionism. Others also declared that evolution did not contradict with creationism since, as Aristotle replied to the question of the existence of God” physics showed that ultimately there has to be a first cause, an unmoved mover, which is God”, but those same creationists failed to answer the question, if every cause has a causer, then who created that mover or what provoked Him to cause this move?

Not only that, but the new creationists depended on the theory of Intelligent Design, or more accurately merged with Intelligent Design theorists, assuming that the universe is fine-tuned to the utmost precision, and that simplicity can’t lead to complexity . The designer had made the design first and then created it completely out of nothing. This theory contradicts with the findings of the DNA history and fossil DNA that were found and tested in the species. The DNA provides facts that are accumulated over a span of time. And all the information is blue printed in a text-like strips that can’t go wrong. Any new information is added on top of the old, and any unused ones are deleted ( if you don’t use it, you lose it).

dna.jpg

To make this argument simple lets assume the building of a perfect house for a single person (me). A well built house would require future provision, and the architect who would draw his design on a sketch, should bear in mind that I will get married and have three kids in the future (God is omniscient). And accordingly, the house would consist of five bedrooms, at least two bathrooms, a living room, a kitchen, and so on. And therefore a blue print is produced (DNA), then the house is built. But the DNA history does not show that, instead it shows that my house was first built by having a roof over my head, then came the walls to create a single room. And as my necessities in life advanced, more rooms were built, and others were demolished. In a similar analogy, the creationists’ house is like the cheap commercial houses that one buys in the market and then does the renovations as he sees fit, adding to it or removing from it as necessities arise. But evolution starts from scratch, and as evolution continues, by both mutation and natural selection the DNA is printed, and the blue print is accumulated over a span of a long time. It is also worthwhile here to mention that mutation is random; copies are transmitted from one generation to another. And like the product of a regular copy machine, some copies are good and some others are distorted. While natural selection is not, it depends on the changes that occur in the environment, and the capability of the body to adapt to those changes.
You might say that this does not create a perfect house, but who said that humans are perfect? One look at the handicaps and children with Down’s syndrome should give a hint.
Now where does the Intelligent Design fit into this argument? This is the reason why Intelligent Design is not accepted in science communities, science defines nature, while Intelligent Design connects nature to supernatural powers. There is a gap where evolutionists define as nature and creationist define as God.
There are others who connected between the two, like the pantheisms who believed that God is nature and not that of the personal God in religions, an example of those is Albert Einstein.

And these are some of his quotes:

“I do not believe in a personal God and I have never denied this but have expressed it clearly. If something is in me which can be called religious then it is the unbounded admiration for the structure of the world so far as our science can reveal it.” (Albert Einstein, 1954)

“I believe in Spinoza’s God who reveals himself in the orderly harmony of what exists, not in a God who concerns himself with the fates and actions of human beings.”

And I guess here is a perfect time to dwell into spirituality:
Few days back I took a trip with the kids to Las Vegas, the trip was more than nine hours drive. By the time I reached California border with Nevada I was so exhausted and the kids got all grumpy and got on each other’s nerves. But as soon as I crossed the boarders a serene feeling fell over us, the mountain planes of California changed to flat desert, a scent like that of an Indian inscent “Bukhoor” flew in the air. It was so strong to the point that I asked the children if they sprayed any perfume , but they said it was coming from the outside air. The surrounding atmosphere was pitch black except for the shiny enormous numbers of stars above, the reflectors on the street ahead and the occasional flash lights of cars passing by. The scent must have been from the shrubs or the bushes of the desert around; it brought a nostalgic feeling of home that fell over us like magic. For about twenty minutes the children stayed still and quite, watching the stars from the windows. And I fell in an awe-inspiring mood that I only get when practicing Yoga. No one even wanted to listen to the CD that was playing the whole trip. This is spirituality. Nature and its beauty is spirituality, no need for religion to enforce spirituality, spirituality is a propensity that was evolved with time.

The late astronomer Carl Sagan said in the opening scene of Cosmos:

“The universe is all that is, or ever was, or ever will be. Our contemplations of the cosmos stir us. There’s a tingling in the spine, a catch in the voice, a faint sensation as if a distant memory of falling a great height. We know we are approaching the grandest of mysteries…The cosmos is within us. We are made of star stuff. We’ve begun at last to wonder about our origins, star stuff contemplating the stars, organized collections of ten billion billion billion atoms contemplating the evolution of matter, tracing that long path by which it arrived at consciousness here on the planet Earth and perhaps throughout the cosmos. Our obligation to survive and flourish is owed not just to ourselves, but also to that cosmos, ancient and vast, from which we spring.”

Science is a tedious business, ever changing and self-correcting. Too bad Darwin did not live to see the day when his much debated theory became a fact.

Recommended readings and DVDs
The Making of the Fittest, DNA and the Ultimate Forensic Record of evolution
God, the Failed Hypothesis
Why Darwin Matters
The Selfish-Gene
The God Delusion
Evolution
Cosmos
An update

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13 Comments (+add yours?)

  1. q8renegade
    Sep 21, 2007 @ 01:07:51

    i’ve been reading ur posts from time to time bs there’s a problem el English eshway t3bana bs hathy is the 1st time i read sumthing this mmmmm heavy , keep it up ;p
    PS: i think i should look through ur old one’s too ;/

    Reply

  2. kasik ya watan
    Sep 21, 2007 @ 01:45:14

    WOW

    Amazing as usual Ayya
    Spirituality was linked to reality & well visualized in this spectacular post

    Regards & Kasik

    Reply

  3. شبكة الحوار الليبرالي
    Sep 21, 2007 @ 04:57:01

    تتشرف شبكة الحوار الليبرالي, باستضافة النائب علي الراشد , ليتواصل مع الأعضاء ويجيب على تساؤلاتكم واستفساراتكم حول قانون الأحزاب الذي تقدم به النائب

    نستقبل أسئلتكم على مدى اسبوع كامل ابتداءا من اليوم الخميس 20 – 9- 2007
    وحتى تاريخ 1 – 10 – 2007

    للأشتراك

    http://www.secularkuwait.net

    Reply

  4. harmonie22
    Sep 21, 2007 @ 07:03:16

    Ayya, amazing piece and well argued too. I’ve reflected on this same topic many a time, especially in my earlier rebellious years where I fashionably told myself that God did not exist. It was the power in nature that gave me a sense of khushoo3 that filled me with an undeniable conviction that helped me, along with other experiences, believe again. Although we many not understand it, have the ‘how’ and the ‘why,’ or the means to fully explain it, I feel there does exist a majestic power and active intelligence out there, in everything, in everyone. We can call it God or Allah, but I feel it the most in nature more than in a mosque or any other temple or than in the presence of mere people. I don’t see that there should be a conflict between God and evolution, it is only our limited understanding of each that causes us to argue over the little details and nuances of science or religion. As we evolve so will, I’m sure our understanding that will bridge the gap between spirituality and science.

    Thanks again for a seriously erudite and inspiring post.

    Reply

  5. AyyA
    Sep 22, 2007 @ 04:05:17

    Q8renegade
    Welcome anytime 🙂

    Kasik
    يا هلا و يا مرحبا بالغالي
    Didn’t know you were back, how’s sweet Lulu and the kids. Missed you all :* (to the whole family)

    Shabaka
    Too early for party formation. We have to clean the house first; we have to use Pif-Puf to illuminate Islamists before they eat the chicken and the egg.

    Harmoni
    Thanks for the insight, I’m glad that at least there are some people who understand. This brings a glimpse of hope, although I have lost it for sometime thinking that evolution did not reach our shores and will never reach it.

    Reply

  6. soud
    Sep 23, 2007 @ 11:06:12

    قريت بوست از يوجل 🙂

    Reply

  7. AyyA
    Sep 24, 2007 @ 01:23:23

    Soud!!!!
    Where have you been?
    Missed you bro 🙂

    Reply

  8. kasik ya watan
    Sep 26, 2007 @ 01:59:43

    Dear Ayya,
    We are all fine … thank you for asking
    & Kasik

    وليخسأ الخاسؤون

    Reply

  9. Trackback: Experimental Pole » The Ultimate: Evolution Verses Creationism
  10. saeed
    Nov 23, 2007 @ 00:24:33

    In the line: “This notion shed any other misconception especially after the discovery of the gnome (DNA), “,

    you probably meant “genome” and not “gnome”. The discovery of “gnome DNA” would certainly be remarkable! 🙂

    Reply

  11. AyyA
    Nov 23, 2007 @ 06:23:56

    Saeed
    Ha ha ha so funny :p

    Reply

  12. morad
    Jan 14, 2008 @ 13:04:32

    “but who said that humans are perfect? One look at the handicaps and children with Down’s syndrome should give a hint.”

    humans are perfect, this is only because the changes that occur in the environment.

    Reply

  13. Trackback: دارون… يرجع من جديد « The Ultimate

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